How the progress of women movements affects London working women in 1960s, 1970s and now.

Introduction For decades, women have been fighting for gender equality. More women nowadays enjoy the right to receive education and gain entry into professions just like the opposite sex. There is no doubt that life chances for working women have improved significantly compared to the previous generations. However, many are still treated unequally today especially

Trafalgar Square as imperial artefact

Trafalgar Square has been a site of national importance since the fourteenth century. Formerly a royal mews, it was not until 1843 with the erection of Nelson’s Column that it began to resemble the Square we know today. Trafalgar Square primarily serves as a commemorative space remembering various naval and military men who had roles

Community Responses to Infrastructure Projects in Notting Dale

The history of Notting Dale has been characterised by multiple large-scale infrastructure projects. Each development has inflicted acute destruction of physical space and necessitated a renegotiation of everyday life; but has also led to the creation of new communities and places, and generated senses of community through opposition to state neglect. This project therefore seeks

How and why the changes in Balfron Tower exemplify the changes of Britain’s attitude towards social housing.

Brutalist architectures are concrete reminders of the post-WW2 period in Britain, when local government believed in the architecture of public housing to bring about social progress. Brutalist architects stepped in to support the recovery of Britain by designing and constructing social housing estates such as Balfron Tower [image 1] in London. Although the exterior of

Using Palimpsest to Understand the City’s Cultural Re-appropriation of Graffiti and Street Art and the Impact it has on its Representational and Socio- Political Function

Abstract Having worked for renowned street artist Banksy’s press relations team for the past few summers, including throughout his critically-acclaimed exhibition ‘Dismaland’ in Weston- Super-Mare in 2015, I have been conditioned to celebrate street-art; appraising its satirical socio-political commentary and commending the voice it gives the minority. However, living in Shoreditch for the past two

Grenfell Tower, through palimpsest; a site which demonstrates how the unequal power dynamics in regeneration partnerships exacerbates exclusion and reinforces structural inequality.

Grenfell Tower is an austere concrete tower, built in 1974 (Wismayer, 2017). It is located in and owned by the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea (RBKC) but was managed by the Kensington & Chelsea Tenant Management Organisation (KCTMO) until 1 March, 2018. In 2016, the KCTMO managed a £10 million refurbishment in partnership with

LSE’s curation of the legal struggle for gay rights.

Introduction To commemorate the 50th Anniversary of the Sexual Offences Act of 1967, the London School of Economics (LSE henceforth), held a library exhibition designed to document the legal struggle for equality ( and developments since this piece of legislation. This exhibition brought to light the absent past of LGBT movements (Burke, 2004, pp. 74-99

How have the recent histories of Soho and the surrounding areas been shaped by those defined in history as queer women

‘She loved these walks through London…it was a tingle, something electric, something produced as if by the friction of her shoes against the streets.’- The Paying Guests, p36 In 2017, the Tate Britain held an exhibition, entitled ‘Queer British Art’. Whilst this sounded like a fantastic exploration of all forms of queerness, and their relation

Two Centuries of Sundays in the Park: Control, Subversion, and Performative Spectacle in Speaker’s Corner

This paper dives into the cacophony of Speaker’s Corner (henceforth, SC or the Corner) to trace histories of performative control and subversion. Each Sunday afternoon, speakers cluster in the North-Eastern corner of Hyde Park, an area designated for public address, to woo audiences for their speeches, songs, protests, and mockery. The Corner, today, echoes a